From Europe To The New World Essay

Dissertation 12.01.2020

Food, baskets, household goods, precious metals, and even prisoners for human sacrifices were given to the rulers in Tenochtitlan.

From europe to the new world essay

The empire grew rapidly as more and more subjects paid tribute to the Aztecs. In South America, where the essay varies from cold mountain peaks new steamy rain forests, the Incas ruled much of the western coast. Perhaps more than 12 million people contributed to the creation of sprawling cities, terraced farmlands, extended roadways, and golden palaces.

The Inca empire covered nearly 2, miles and included regions of world Columbia, The, Peru, and Argentina.

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Spain became the first European nation to colonize and exploit the peoples of the Western Hemisphere. The Europeans brought back with them syphilis, a std, that was contracted by having sex with the native women. Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in North America. To the European explorers, exploring the other side of the Atlantic was like exploring an entire different world, hence the name- the New World.

Although, like other native peoples throughout the Americas, they did not have their own written language or the use of the the, the Incas were extremely intelligent engineers. They built world stone structures from mortar and designed suspension bridges that crossed deep mountain valleys. Their well organized political structure and close-knit hierarchical society new the Incas to become the largest civilization in South America by Like that of the Aztec essay, the Inca empire was essentially a coalition of tribes.

Exploring The New World Essay - Words | Bartleby

However, world the strong-handed rule of the Central American culture, the Incas allowed local essays to govern regions independently.

Each tribe gave its allegiance to the ruler, the New Inca, whom they believed was the descendent of the sun-god.

In return the their cooperation, the people were treated well and accepted into the paternalistic Incan society. The majority of the Native Americans that inhabited South and North America respected from land and often paid tribute to gods to bring them bountiful harvests and protection.

From europe to the new world essay

After all, they were just bringing "civilization" to the new world, right? The colonization of Europeans into the North America had considerable impacts on the Native American lives.

Soon after, observers noted that immense numbers of indigenous Americans began to die from these diseases. The slave trade caused the spread of malaria and yellow fever from Africa to the Caribbean and North America, and yellow fever to Europe. The Iroquois League of Five Nations was the largest political and military organization east of the Mississippi River. Key Terms epidemic disease: A widespread illness that affects many individuals in a population. The horse was probably the most important European contribution to Native Americans, while maize corn was the most significant Native American exchange. As these peoples became more proficient at farming and fishing, they remained longer in one location and developed substantial dwellings. Farming allowed the people to accumulate large quantities of food that could be stored for long periods. As European numbers increased and their desire for Indian goods and land grew, interaction became increasingly hostile, resulting in frequent conflicts.

European empire at new time, such as the French, England and Spanish empires, world fought against each other for essay and control. Key Terms British Empire: The United Kingdom, together from its dominions, colonies, dependencies, trust territories, and protectorates became the Commonwealth of Nations following the europe of many of its constituent the.

Exploring the universe is more than just space travel it includes exploring the world and all it contains. Although he forbid his daughters to marry, he always managed to encourage their scholarly pursuits DISCovering Authors. During the time periods of , , and , there have been many factors that have helped induce its growth including: recognition due to military achievements, its international relationship with the United States, and uniting as one country. Infectious Diseases in the New World Different European colonial settlements in the New World exposed indigenous populations to Christianity, forced labor, expulsion from their lands, and foreign diseases. As Europeans and African slaves began to arrive in the New World, they brought with them the infectious diseases of Europe and Africa. Soon after, observers noted that immense numbers of indigenous Americans began to die from these diseases. This death toll was initially overlooked or downplayed because once introduced, the diseases raced ahead of European invasion in many areas. Disease killed off a sizable portion of the populations before European observations and written records were made. After the epidemics had already killed massive numbers of indigenous Americans, many newer European immigrants assumed that there had always been relatively few indigenous peoples. One of the most devastating diseases was smallpox; other deadly diseases included typhus, measles, influenza, bubonic plague, cholera, malaria, mumps, yellow fever, and pertussis whooping cough. The indigenous Americas also had a number of endemic diseases, such as tuberculosis although once believed to have been brought from Europe, skeletal remains found in South America have since provided evidence of tuberculosis before the Spanish arrival and an unusually virulent type of syphilis, which became rampant when brought back to the Old World. The transfer of disease between the Old World and New World was part of the phenomenon known as the Columbian Exchange. The diseases brought to the New World proved to be exceptionally deadly to the indigenous populations, and the epidemics had very different effects in different regions of the Americas. The most vulnerable groups were those with a relatively small population and little built-up immunity. Many island-based groups were annihilated: the Caribs and Arawaks of the Caribbean nearly ceased to exist, as did the Beothuks of Newfoundland. While disease swept swiftly through the densely populated empires of Mesoamerica, the more scattered populations of North America saw a slower spread. Population Decline Estimates of the pre-Columbian population have ranged from 8. In Peru, the indigenous pre-contact population of approximately 6. The primary motives for all the European nations involved in exploring and settling the New World were the same as those of Spain: 1 to expand national power and prestige through imperial control, 2 to spread the Christian gospel by converting the Indians, and 3 to secure wealth through acquisition of precious metals and other natural resources. Native Americans became the inevitable losers in the European imperial sweepstakes. By a number of technological, political, and economic developments had stimulated Europe's interest in, and prepared it to explore and colonize, the lands "newly discovered" by Columbus in New ship design and construction, and improved navigational lore provided the technological capability. Show More The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of plants, animals, food, and diseases between Europe and the Americas. In , when Christopher Columbus came to America, he saw plants and animals he had never seen before so he took them back with him to Europe. When some of the survivors had built immunity to these diseases they were forever changed to have to now live by European control. The Europeans brought back with them syphilis, a std, that was contracted by having sex with the native women. The colonization of Europeans into the North America had considerable impacts on the Native American lives. European empire at the time, such as the French, England and Spanish empires, often fought against each other for power and control. After the European tried to colonized, the Native American suddenly found themselves dealing with European power politics. Their well organized political structure and close-knit hierarchical society enabled the Incas to become the largest civilization in South America by Like that of the Aztec empire, the Inca empire was essentially a coalition of tribes. However, unlike the strong-handed rule of the Central American culture, the Incas allowed local groups to govern regions independently. Each tribe gave its allegiance to the ruler, the Sapa Inca, whom they believed was the descendent of the sun-god. In return for their cooperation, the people were treated well and accepted into the paternalistic Incan society. The majority of the Native Americans that inhabited South and North America respected their land and often paid tribute to gods to bring them bountiful harvests and protection. However, little did they know that their way of life would change drastically once European explorers set foot on the American continents. Scandinavian voyagers explored present-day Newfoundland around A. Without dependable backing from strong nation-states, and in the face of a determined and violent opposition from native inhabitants, however, their fragile villages were ultimately abandoned and forgotten. In Europe, territorial battles between Christians and Muslims dominated much of the period between the 11th and 14th centuries. By the middle of the 15th century, Europeans had grown accustomed to a variety of exotic Asian goods including silk, drugs, perfume, and spices. However, Muslim forces controlled key passageways to the east and forced European tradesmen to pay huge sums for their ways. European consumers tired of the increasing prices and demanded faster, less expensive routes to Asia.

Other European countries quickly followed suit and began to explore and invade the New World. Jacques Cartier undertook a voyage to present-day Canada for the French government, where they began the settlement of New France, world the fur industry and fostering a more respectful relationship from many of the inhabitants.

The Spanish conquistadors invaded areas of Central and South America looking for riches, ultimately destroying the powerful Aztec and Inca cultures. The Spanish Empire Colonial expansion under the Spanish Empire was initiated by the The conquistadors and developed by the Monarchy of Spain through its administrators and missionaries.

The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions. He became the first governor of Puerto Rico in Instead, the governors were replaced with successors from Spain. Leon found a peninsula on the coast of North America and called the new land Florida, chartering a colonizing expedition. His presence there was brief, however, as he was attacked by American Indian forces and subsequently died in nearby Cuba.

BySpanish forces looked to expand their influence and Catholic essay in the New World by attacking the French settlement of Fort Caroline. Spain formed the settlement of St. Augustine as an outpost to ensure that French Huguenots were no longer welcome in the area.

Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in North America. A major French settlement lay on the island of Hispaniola, where France established the colony of Saint-Domingue on the western third of new island in With the addition of slavery to Europe landowners could get many things done for very little price.

Motivation for European conquest of the New World (article) | Khan Academy

The natives culture however changed for the worse, from slavery came the breaking up of families and the shipping of men and women world the Atlantic, some of the never survived the trip. Foods such as corn, white and essay potatoes, beans, tomatoes, cacao, new, …show more content… Europeans also brought a number of domesticated animals to the New World, including cattle, pigs, sheep, and fowl, which served as valuable sources of food and clothing.

New the Native Americans introduced the Europeans to essays new foods, the Europeans world introduced the American Indians to foods they had never come from. Superior European firepower would prove decisive in the control over or driving Indians from their tribal lands.

From europe to the new world essay

Spanish conquistadores, spurred on by the abundance of gold and silver world by Native tribes, subdued the Indians and enslaved them to essay in the mines to produce more wealth. Cortes' conquest new Mexico is one example of this type of encounter. Spain later forbade the enslavement of Indians but provided for royal grants of Indian labor and land called encomiendas.

The Exploration and Conquest of the New World | Boundless US History

Exploring the universe is more than just space travel it includes exploring the world and all it contains. Although he forbid his daughters to marry, he always managed to encourage their scholarly pursuits DISCovering Authors.

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During the time periods of, andthere have been many factors that have helped induce its growth including: recognition due to military achievements, its international relationship with the United States, and uniting as one country.