How To Introduce A New Paragraph In An Essay

Elucidation 12.02.2020

Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years.

How to introduce a new paragraph in an essay

She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Usually used at the start of a sentence.

Choosing Engaging Words To Start a Paragraph | BKA Content

Improve Your Writing Today! Can you quickly and easily improve your writing? For over 20 years, I've taught these tips to students and seen their essay dramatically improve. Using transition words helps title of persuasive essay resist the habit of using a simple subject-verb sentence structure. Transitions link your ideas more effectively and create more nuanced meaning.

Finally, transitions make your writing introduce more professional and less like spoken language. Here is my step-by-step guide: Use how transition list as you write: Think about how the paragraphs new your paragraph are related to one another. If you are comparing and contrasting two essays, then use the "Showing Contrast" transition words see list below.

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Are you writing about steps in a process? Then use the "Adding to an Idea" transition introduces below.

How to introduce a new paragraph in an essay

Using the transition list while you are revising: Sometimes, it is easier not to worry about these words until your final draft stage, especially if you are a beginning writer. How do you do this?

Paragraphs and links

Use the following tips: Go through your first draft and circle the first word in every sentence. If you use the same word to paragraph a sentence twice in a paragraph, then you need to choose another transition word and re-word the sentence.

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Paragraphs and links Paragraphs — what should they look like? In the section on sentences, I suggested that you can also learn a lot about the length of sentences simply by being aware of what you are doing when you are writing. You can do the same with paragraphs. Have a look at your most recent essay. Do your paragraphs have wildly differing lengths — sometimes a few lines, sometimes nearly a whole page? Or are they all about the same length? A good average length for a paragraph is somewhere between — or between a third and two thirds of a double-spaced A4 page. Have a look at paragraphs in books and journals to get a better sense of good paragraph length. It has already been anticipated and the 'full' nature of the first sentence makes clear what is being discussed. Again, the reader is being clearly led through the arguments in a well structured and thought out manner. One further point, by way of providing another model. The analysis in the second paragraph could lead in the following direction. Greene's ironic use of the vocabulary of the Bible might be making the point that, for him, the Second World War signalled the end of a particular Christian era. Now, it is perfectly arguable that the rise of fascism is linked to this, or that it is the cause. The cult of personality and secular leadership has, for Greene, taken over from the key role of the church in Western societies. In this way the two main themes identified above - the tension between individual and community, and religion - are linked. In terms of essay writing this link could well be made after the discussion of the theme of the individual and the community, and its links with the theme of leadership. This might be the general conclusion to the essay. After thoughtful consideration and interpretation a student may well decide that this is what ' The Destructors ' boils down to: Greene is making a clear link between the rise of fascism and the decline of the Church's influence. Despite the fact that fascism has been recently defeated, Greene sees the lack of any contemporary values which could provide social cohesion as providing the potential for its reappearance. This is the climax to the essay, but the concluding paragraph should generally be a brief paraphrase or synthesis of the essay. This also adheres to the generally held view that the conclusion should not introduce new ideas. Coherent Paragraphs Paragraphs need to be coherent, which will be only achieved through the careful arrangement of the sentences within them. Staying with an analysis of Graham Greene's ' The Destructors ', let us see how this can be achieved. Student Example 1 The apple is compared to Old Misery's house and this house symbolises perhaps the Church. General Comments This is by no means a terrible paragraph, but there are weaknesses within it, the chief of them being that whilst it demonstrates that the student is going beyond superficial summarising and interpreting the story, the ideas are struggling to make themselves heard. Some of the sentences lack detail or are a little ambiguous, and at times there is a lack of tight connection between several of the sentences. Various ideas are referred to and introduced without ever being fully explained or analysed. For example there is no explanation for the introduction of the notions of happiness and temptation. To some extent the reader has to guess what the writer is really trying to express. This is a crucial point: you must present your arguments clearly and unambiguously, and grades will we lost if the marker has to try to guess what is being said. Detailed Comments 1 In the first sentence there is a lack of detail and also inappropriate emphasis. First of all, no apple has been mentioned before in the essay and its introduction here is a little confusing. This is because in the story the apple is not compared to a house, but it is the house which is compared to an apple. Furthermore there is no evidence provided for the assertion that the house can be linked to a church. In addition, the 'perhaps' does not inspire confidence that the student is fully on top of the idea. Some key words and phrases to use in a concluding sentence include "Therefore," "Ultimately," "As you can see," and "Thus. You should begin a new paragraph when you move on to a new point or idea. If you have too many sentences in your paragraph, you may have too many ideas. Either cut your paragraph into two, or edit down your writing to make it more readable. Method Starting an Introductory Paragraph 1 Find a hook. Start off your paper or essay with an interesting sentence that makes the reader want to dive in and read your whole work. There are many devices that you can choose from. Use humor, surprise, or a clever turn of phrase in order to catch your reader's attention. Look at your research notes to see if a clever phrase, surprising statistic, or intriguing anecdote jumps out at you. It can be tempting to use a large, general phrase as your hook. However, hooks are more effective when they are specific to your topic. Resist the temptation to introduce your essay with sentences that begin with phrases like: "Since the beginning of time. Once you have your hook, you will need to write a few sentences to orient your reader to what the rest of your essay will be about. Is your essay making an argument about Social Security? Or is it a history of Sojourner Truth? Give your reader a brief roadmap about the scope, purpose, and overall thrust of your essay. When you want to grab the reader, you need a sentence that is clear and easy to follow. The beginning of your paper is not the place to write a convoluted, long-winded sentence that the reader will stumble over. Use common words not jargon , short declarative sentences, and easy-to-follow logic to guide your introduction. If you have to take a lot of breaths while you read, or if you have a hard time keeping track of your ideas out loud, you should shorten your sentences. A thesis statement is a sentence description of the overarching argument of your essay. If you are writing an argumentative paper, the thesis statement is the most important part of your essay. However, oftentimes your thesis statement will change somewhat as you write your essay. Remember that a thesis statement must be: Argumentative. You cannot simply state something that is common knowledge or basic fact. Your thesis must be based in evidence and careful analysis. Follow where your evidence leads. Appropriate to your assignment. Remember to adhere to all parameters and guidelines of your paper assignment. Manageable in the space allotted. Keep your thesis narrow and focused. That way you might be able to prove your point in the space given to you. Do not make a thesis statement that is too large "I have discovered a new reason why World War II occurred" or too small "I will argue that left-handed soldiers put on their coats differently from right-handed soldiers". When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. On Paragraphs Summary: The purpose of this handout is to give some basic instruction and advice regarding the creation of understandable and coherent paragraphs. What is a paragraph? All English transition words and phrases sometimes also called 'conjunctive adverbs' do the same work as coordinating conjunctions: they connect two words, phrases or clauses together and thus the text is easier to read and the coherence is improved. Usage: transition words are used with a special rule for punctuation: a semicolon or a period is used after the first 'sentence', and a comma is almost always used to set off the transition word from the second 'sentence'.

Choosing the Right Word How can you choose the right word for each sentence? What makes using transitions improve your writing is that it forces you to explain the connections between your ideas. Ask yourself: What does the sentence before this one say?

How can be seen from the above analysis that, … It could also be said that, … It is however, important to note the limitations of… It is important to note new, that … It is important however not to introduce the applicability of, …in all cases. It is important however not to overemphasis the strengths of … In the face of such criticism, proponents of, …have responded in a essay of ways. Moreover, … Notwithstanding such criticism, ….

How does this sentence relate to that one? Scan the list for a transition that seems to fit best. You can also use these questions for help: Does this sentence add information?

You can use this final paragraph to offer one last insight into the discussion that took place in the rest of your paper. Can you quickly and easily improve your writing? Use: next, then, in fact, similarly, or a time word like first, second, third, and finally.

Use: moreover, furthermore, additionally, not only Does the sentence contrast or contradict? Use: however, on the other hand, in contrast, yet, conversely, or another contrasting transition. Are you writing something that happens in order?

How to introduce a new paragraph in an essay

Use: next, then, in fact, similarly, or a time word like first, second, third, and finally. Does this sentence add evidence? Use: for example, consequently, for this reason, or another adding transition.

Paragraphs structure and linking

Does the sentence emphasize an idea? Use: obviously, especially, as a rule, particularly, or another emphasizing transition.

Does the sentence start your new Use: finally, in conclusion, in sum, obviously, or another concluding transition.

Therefore, take the time to think about which transitions will work best to help you move through your ideas, and help your readers understand the point that you want to make in your writing. Topic Sentences At the beginning of each supporting paragraph, start with a topic sentence. Organization The organization of your paper can also help boost the paragraph transitions. As you think about the supporting ideas in your body paragraphs, determine which order you should present them in. Consider how the ideas in each paragraph can build off each other. Is there a logical order that you could use? Try rearranging the ideas to find the right order for your ideas. Some people find it useful to think about each paragraph of the essay as a separate component which gets linked with all the others later. Other people find it easy to move from one paragraph to the next. Some things paragraphs can do Divide writing into easily manageable sections. Be containers for separate points in your argument. You make this happen by linking everything together. Interaction between employers and employees also finds a basis in family-centered codes of behaviour. Our example shows the end of one paragraph and the beginning of another. The end of the first paragraph sums up the way that Chinese workers interact. The beginning of the second paragraph starts by talking about the way that Chinese employers and their workers interact. Read the example carefully and you will see that the beginning of the second paragraph mirrors and repeats words from the end of the first one. The author keeps his main point — all relations are modelled on family relations — in front of the reader and then works through different examples of it. When you read, see if you can spot when an author is linking things together in this way — it will help your own writing. Remember: link words and phrases work in both directions, backwards and forwards. Of course, you can also use link words and phrases in the middle of a paragraph to start a new sentence. Link-less Another way to understand how link words and phrases work is to take a passage from a book and remove all words that seem to be superfluous to the argument. Hutcheon is criticising an article by another critic Terry Eagleton. Here is the passage as it appears in the book: In fact, much of what is offered here is repeated in other theorizing on postmodernism. Like many before him both defenders and detractors , Eagleton separates theory and practice, choosing to argue primarily in abstract theoretical terms and almost seeming to avoid mention of exactly what kind of aesthetic practice is actually being talked about. This strategy, however clever and certainly convenient, leads only to endless confusion. Like many, both defenders and detractors, Eagleton separates theory and practice, choosing to argue in abstract theoretical terms and almost seeming to avoid mention of what aesthetic practice is being talked about. This strategy, clever and convenient, leads to endless confusion. Read the two passages aloud and listen to how different they sound.

Tips to Remember 1. Use a variety of transition words, not the same one. Put a comma how the transition word. Put essay about when you get stress in finals subject of the sentence after the comma.

Nonetheless, the number of, …has continued to expand at an exponential rate. On the other hand, critics of, …point to its blindness, with respect to. This approach is similar to the, …. Use common words not jargon , short declarative sentences, and easy-to-follow logic to guide your introduction. If you have to take a lot of breaths while you read, or if you have a hard time keeping track of your ideas out loud, you should shorten your sentences. A thesis statement is a sentence description of the overarching argument of your essay. If you are writing an argumentative paper, the thesis statement is the most important part of your essay. However, oftentimes your thesis statement will change somewhat as you write your essay. Remember that a thesis statement must be: Argumentative. You cannot simply state something that is common knowledge or basic fact. Your thesis must be based in evidence and careful analysis. Follow where your evidence leads. Appropriate to your assignment. Remember to adhere to all parameters and guidelines of your paper assignment. Manageable in the space allotted. Keep your thesis narrow and focused. That way you might be able to prove your point in the space given to you. Do not make a thesis statement that is too large "I have discovered a new reason why World War II occurred" or too small "I will argue that left-handed soldiers put on their coats differently from right-handed soldiers". Bring the reader back to your introduction by starting off the conclusion with a reminder of how the paper started. This strategy serves as a frame that bookends your paper. You can use this final paragraph to offer one last insight into the discussion that took place in the rest of your paper. Use this space to pose a final question or propose a call to action. In doing so, you can reiterate the most important points for the reader. This also helps the reader understand how your paper fits together. Conclusions are a great place to be imaginative and to think about the bigger picture. Has your essay opened up new space for more work to be done? Have you asked some large questions for others to answer? Think about some of the larger ramifications of your paper and articulate them in your conclusion. Not every W will need to be addressed in each paragraph. However, you should not begin writing unless you have a thorough sense of who your characters are, what they are doing, when and where they are doing it, and why it is important. Creative writing paragraphs are more flexible than paragraphs in argumentative, academic papers. However, a good rule of thumb is that you should begin a new paragraph whenever one of the major W's of writing is switched. When you describe a different character, begin a new paragraph. When you describe a flashback, begin a new paragraph. This will help keep your reader oriented. Having two characters use dialogue in the same paragraph creates confusion for your reader. They improve the connections and transitions between sentences and paragraphs. They thus give the text a logical organization and structure see also: a List of Synonyms. Be containers for separate points in your argument. You make this happen by linking everything together. Interaction between employers and employees also finds a basis in family-centered codes of behaviour. Our example shows the end of one paragraph and the beginning of another. The end of the first paragraph sums up the way that Chinese workers interact. The beginning of the second paragraph starts by talking about the way that Chinese employers and their workers interact. Read the example carefully and you will see that the beginning of the second paragraph mirrors and repeats words from the end of the first one. The author keeps his main point — all relations are modelled on family relations — in front of the reader and then works through different examples of it. True, but the first paragraph is becoming quite long, it is reaching the 'natural' length of a paragraph. There are no hard or fast rules and regulations here - no writing committee has decreed that a paragraph should contain an ideal number of words or sentences or run a certain length over a page. Extended writing practice will give you a 'feel' and an instinct for realising that a paragraph is complete and it is time to start a new one. More importantly here there is a very strong sense that the first paragraph in the model is 'full'. The writer has identified a link between the house and the ideological vacuum in which the gang exist and has tried to interpret and explain it. The theme is still religion, but the writer is now going to approach a different aspect of it. The third paragraph begins to produce what has been promised: an analysis of the theme of the individual and the community. Note how this is done. There is no need to state mechanically that this is the theme that is now to be discussed. It has already been anticipated and the 'full' nature of the first sentence makes clear what is being discussed. Again, the reader is being clearly led through the arguments in a well structured and thought out manner. One further point, by way of providing another model. The analysis in the second paragraph could lead in the following direction. Greene's ironic use of the vocabulary of the Bible might be making the point that, for him, the Second World War signalled the end of a particular Christian era. Now, it is perfectly arguable that the rise of fascism is linked to this, or that it is the cause. The cult of personality and secular leadership has, for Greene, taken over from the key role of the church in Western societies. In this way the two main themes identified above - the tension between individual and community, and religion - are linked. In terms of essay writing this link could well be made after the discussion of the theme of the individual and the community, and its links with the theme of leadership. This might be the general conclusion to the essay. After thoughtful consideration and interpretation a student may well decide that this is what ' The Destructors ' boils down to: Greene is making a clear link between the rise of fascism and the decline of the Church's influence. Despite the fact that fascism has been recently defeated, Greene sees the lack of any contemporary values which could provide social cohesion as providing the potential for its reappearance. This is the climax to the essay, but the concluding paragraph should generally be a brief paraphrase or synthesis of the essay. This also adheres to the generally held view that the conclusion should not introduce new ideas. Coherent Paragraphs Paragraphs need to be coherent, which will be only achieved through the careful arrangement of the sentences within them. Staying with an analysis of Graham Greene's ' The Destructors ', let us see how this can be achieved. Student Example 1 The apple is compared to Old Misery's house and this house symbolises perhaps the Church. General Comments This is by no means a terrible paragraph, but there are weaknesses within it, the chief of them being that whilst it demonstrates that the student is going beyond superficial summarising and interpreting the story, the ideas are struggling to make themselves heard. Some of the sentences lack detail or are a little ambiguous, and at times there is a lack of tight connection between several of the sentences.